REITs Get Their Own Space


On September 19, 2016, S&P Dow Jones and MSCI, Inc. added a sector for Real Estate. Up to this point, REITs have traditionally been considered a sub-industry and part of the Financial sector, but as of the market close on August 31, 2016 (and effective September 19, 2016), they were split from the Financial sector and moved to their own sector (with the exception of Mortgage REITs). This should not be a surprise for investors, as the change had been announced by index providers, S&P Dow Jones Indices and MSCI, back in March 2015.

What are REITs?

Under U.S. Federal income tax law, a REIT is “any corporation, trust or association that acts as an investment agent specializing in real estate and real estate mortgages.” Therefore, a REIT is a company that owns, and in most cases operates, income-producing real estate. REITs own many types of commercial real estate, ranging from office and apartment buildings to warehouses, hospitals, shopping centers, hotels and even timberlands. Created by the U.S. Congress in 1960, REITs were designed to provide a real estate investment structure similar to the structure mutual funds provide for investment in stocks. As such, they provide investors with a convenient and liquid way to invest in real estate. Because a REIT is entitled to deduct dividends paid to its investors, it may avoid incurring all or part of its liabilities for U.S. federal income tax—the purpose is to avoid double taxation of the income produced by the underlying properties.

In return, REITs are required to distribute at least 90% of their taxable income into the hands of investors. This makes REITs particularly interesting for income-oriented investors and has contributed to their popularity in recent years. The behavior of REITs in terms of returns and volatility tends to fall somewhere in between stocks and bonds; their focus on income puts them in somewhat direct competition with fixed income instruments, which means they tend to benefit from falling interest rates. However, since the income they produce is derived from real assets, REITs can also provide a good hedge against inflation.

Why are REITs becoming a sector?

Back in 2001, REITs represented about 0.11% of the market capitalization of the S&P 500 index. Today, that figure has grown to approximately 3%. While 3% may not sound like much, it is roughly comparable to the size of three other sectors of the S&P 500 index, specifically Utilities, Materials, and Telecommunications. The decision to promote REITs to sector status is a strong indication that REITs are very grown up. Indices are supposed to reflect the composition of the economy, and REITs are now a big part of it.

What are the implications of the change?

In terms of the investment merit of REITs and the decision as to how much of them you should own, we do not believe the reclassification should matter. REITs have been part of the S&P 500 index—arguably the most well known and invested stock index in the world—for a long time, and their popularity among the investment public has already been increasing in recent years. Being promoted to sector status may contribute to a further boost in their popularity, but it is unlikely to cause significant change. Real Estate has typically been held within our portfolios, but it has been housed within another sector. The reclassification does not change the fundamental reasons for owning it.

Pinnacle Update

At Pinnacle, we own a financial sector ETF (XLF) that contained real estate investments and therefore gave our portfolios the exposure we desired. On September 19, XLF spun-off its real estate holdings and created a new real estate sector ETF, now known as XLRE. As a result, our clients will now own both XLF (invested in the financial sector) and XLRE (invested in the real estate sector). So in other words, clients now own two ETFs to represent the holdings they used to have in one ETF. On September 22, all Pinnacle portfolios will properly reflect the changes and the value of each holding.

Investing in A Post-Brexit World


After a tumultuous first quarter, the second quarter brought some relief as most assets were able to rebound to varying degrees. From a big picture perspective, U.S. stocks have been oscillating in a wide range that dates back to the fourth quarter of 2014. In other words, for the last year and a half, stocks have made almost no upside progress, while being subjected to several brief but vicious selloffs. This type of choppy, sideways action is frustrating for both bulls and bears as long as stocks remain within the current range. Global stocks are in a much more precarious state, with only modest recoveries that left many markets still well below their highs of a year ago (or longer).

Read more →

What Brexit Means for You


This morning we awoke to the historic news that Britain has voted to leave the European Union. Given that markets had positioned for a vote to stay in the union, this decision has produced shockwaves through global markets. Given this news, we have outlined our thoughts regarding this historic day and what it may mean for the market and our portfolios.

Read more →

Riding the Rollercoaster: A Q2 Market Review


The beginning of 2016 started in an emotional frenzy, as world markets dropped sharply out of the gates on fears of a sputtering world economy, plummeting commodity prices, a stubbornly hawkish Federal Reserve, and a decelerating earnings backdrop. The violence of the move in January was stunning, and by early February the number of world markets that had fallen more than 20% from their highs clearly argued that a bear market across the globe was taking place. But with share prices falling so fast, gloom quickly took hold and set the market up for a rally off the lows. What has unfolded since mid-February is a rally to the upside that has been just as violent and abrupt as the drop in markets that preceded it. The genesis of the rally was likely too much short term pessimism and oversold conditions, but it was also aided by more European central bank intervention and a Federal Reserve that was forced to pull back some of its hawkish rhetoric.

Read more →

How To Turn Retirement Assets Into Income


Is a portfolio worth $500,000 a lot of money for retirement? How about $1 million? What if you’ve saved $5 million? I get asked this a lot, and I find it helps to reframe the question: Is $2,000 a month a lot of money? What about $5,000 a month? Or $10,000?

When you look at it this way, you probably already know your answer. That’s because we generally conceive of wealth in terms of current income and not assets. Think about it: We pay income taxes and see our tax withholding on every pay stub, and we routinely deal with monthly bills and expenses that must be paid with current income.

Read more →

Moving to a Negative Interest Rate


With the Federal Reserve recently raising interest rates for the first time in many years, the U.S. economy may be at the beginning of a transition away from the ultra-accommodative monetary policy environment that has existed since the global financial crisis. However, central banks in other major developed economies are not following suit—in fact, they are still trying to counteract the current low growth, low inflation economic environment.

Read more →

How the New Financial Law Affects Pinnacle Clients


As the laws governing how financial professionals guide client retirement assets are set to change, financial advisors are being required to place the interests of their clients first. With this change, all advisors must not only recommend investments that are suitable for their clients, but more importantly, they must act as a fiduciary and place their clients’ interests ahead of their own.

So how will this affect the investments of Pinnacle clients? It won’t.

Read more →

Bearish Tendencies and Silver Linings


2015 had many twists and turns, but from a financial market perspective, it was effectively a road to nowhere when looking across a variety of asset classes. In U.S. equity markets, large company stocks (large cap) barely moved as just a few sectors and stocks were big winners. In the broad market, many stocks performed far worse than the large cap averages and gave investors the false impression that the market was generally flat. On the contrary, a broader measure of the market which consists of 1700 equally weighted stocks was down roughly 7% on the year, and helps to highlight how skewed the major indices were, due to just a few large companies that had good years.

Read more →

A Message to Clients from the Chairman of the Investment Committee


The S&P 500 Index is down over 12% from its high last May, which qualifies as a market correction but not a bear market. In fact, it’s been quite a while since we experienced our last bear, although it may not feel that way. From April to October of 2011, the stock market declined by 19.39% on a closing basis. While experts can debate whether this meets the definition of a bear market (which are typically defined as 20% declines), those who remember it will recall how scary it was. By the time the market bottomed in October, many were recalling the 2007–2009 bear market, which was gut wrenching for everyone. During that excruciating market decline, the S&P 500 Index fell by 55% and the economy tumbled into a deep recession. It is only in hindsight that we can see that both the market bottom in 2009 and the October low in 2011 marked important market bottoms. Since October of 2011, the S&P 500 Index rallied 94% to its eventual high set in May of last year.

Read more →