In 1996, the 529 plan was created under the Small Business Job Protection Act to give taxpayers a tax-advantaged way to save for their children’s college education. As part of the 2001 Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, all the earnings in the plan were made completely tax-free if they were used for college.…
In late 2015, new rules were established for the college financial aid application process. With these rules becoming effective this month, we should assess the impact they will have, particularly for families seeking to fund their children’s education.
With the arrival of autumn, students are back at school and either preparing for college or already navigating it. While they further their academic careers, their parents wrestle with the current or future cost of higher education and the complexities of the financial aid system.
At this time of year, many families with college bound children are busy navigating the financial aid application process. A college education, long viewed as a pathway to the American Dream, remains a desirable goal for many, with some studies indicating as much as a 75% increase in earning power over the course of a career through the attainment of a degree. However, the soaring costs of higher education in recent decades have even middle-to-high income families wondering how best to fund this endeavor without jeopardizing their retirement or leaving their children saddled with huge debt. Finding the most efficient and beneficial path involves an understanding of both financial aid eligibility, as administered through the relevant government regulations and University policies, and the savings vehicles and strategies available to consumers.
Generally, there are four ways to save for college:
- UTMA (Uniformed Transfer to Minors Act) or UGMA (Uniformed Gift to Minors Act) accounts
- Pre-paid tuition plans
- College savings plans
- Coverdell Education Savings Accounts (ESAs)
Gone are the days of seemingly endless college applications, lengthy essays, and anxious weeks waiting for an acceptance. Your young adult has made a decision and he or she is college bound. It’s a very exciting time – a transitional process described beautifully by actress Tina Fey in Admission: “Parents exist to drive their kids insane.”
Those in Generation X (myself included) were born between 1965 and 1979, which means that our ages range from 33 to 48. This is a tremendously important time period in our lives. Many of us get married, have kids, watch them grow up, and send them off to college.
You were born between the years 1946 and 1964 — part of the explosion of births that resulted from World War II vets returning home and starting families. You’re often associated with the hippies of the 60’s and TV generation of the 70’s. You grew up with American Bandstand, Bewitched, Bonanza, Gilligan’s Island, and Lassie, and went to the big screen to see The Sound of Music and Gone With the Wind. You experienced the elation of our first steps on the moon, and the tragedy of the untimely deaths of John F. Kennedy, Robert Kennedy, and Dr. Martin Luther King.
We are adults in our 30s and 40s, born between 1965 and 1980 (Generation X). As children of the Baby Boomers, we benefited from our parents’ desire for us to go to college and further our education, even if they had not gone to college themselves. However, when the first Gen-Xers entered high school, America was in a recession, unemployment and inflation were high, and interest rates were in the double digits. By the time we started graduating from college, the stock market crashed and left us wondering if we had any financial future at all.
Years ago a friend told me, “Paying for college is like buying a brand new BMW every year, but never getting to drive it.” Not only has it become one of my favorite quotes, but it motivated me to think about how I’d pay for my own children’s college educations. After some quick math, I realized that four years for both my daughter and son — with two years overlapping — would come to 8 BMW’s in six years. If my husband and I were going to be in a position to cover that, I knew we needed to start planning immediately.